Cleft lip and cleft palate - Things you need to know
Cleft lip and cleft palate are congenital defects in which the tissues of the mouth or lips form unreasonably during the fetal development. They usually occur in Asian or Latin American children.
Cleft lip and cleft palate makes children have many difficulties in life
Fortunately, cleft lip and cleft palate can be cured. Most babies born with the disease can be operated and their lips can be reconstructed within the first 12 to 18 months after birth. Thus, their defects and facial appearance can be improved significantly.
Cleft lip and cleft palate
Cleft lip and cleft palate occur when the lips' or palate's tissues of the fetus and the pregnancy do not develop at the same time. Children with cleft lip and cleft palate often do not have enough tissues in their mouths, and these tissues do not mix well with each other for the proper formation of the palate.
Cleft lip is a congenital deformity that has a crack on one or both sides of the upper lip. This occurs when three fetal tissue blocks shaping the upper lip are not seamless and are associated with the slot of the palate.
Cleft palate is the gap between the palate and the nasal cavity. At some children suffering from this disease, the front and back parts of their palate are out, while others' ones are only partially out.
Popularly, there are three different situations
- Children with cleft lip without cleft palate
- Children with cleft palate without cleft lip
- Children with cleft palate and cleft lip
These phenomena can occur on only one or both sides of the mouth.
The number of boys with a cleft lip is more than girls', while the cleft palate is commonly found at girls. Because these diseases cause particular and visible signs, they are easily diagnosed. They can be found by supersonic before birth. In case these diseases cannot be recognized before birth, after the child is born, they will be.
The causes of cleft lip and cleft palate
Doctors have not known exactly what causes cleft lip or cleft palate yet, but they believe that it can be a combination of genetic and environmental factors such as using a drug, having diseases, smoking, or drinking alcohol during pregnancy ... A child whose parents or siblings have a cleft lip, possibly, he/she will face it.
Diseases related to cleft lip and cleft palate:
Children with cleft lip or cleft palate are claimed to easily suffer from other diseases such as cold, deafness or speech disorders. Dental diseases including lack of teeth, too many teeth, deformed or jagged teeth ... often occur at the child who was born with cleft palate. Children with cleft lip or cleft palate are particularly easy to have an ear infection.
These children also find it difficult to eat, drink or suck. Milk bottles with special nipples can help them suck more easily. In some cases, children with cleft lip or cleft palate may need to have a prosthetic palate to eat.
Treatments for cleft lip and cleft palate
Modern medicine can effectively treat the cleft lip and cleft palate. In particular, plastic surgery can regenerate them
Children with cleft lip or cleft palate should be supported by a variety of specialists working together. The treatment usually starts in the first few months after the baby is born, depending on the health of the child and the degree of the cleft lip or cleft palate.
People contributing to children's treatment usually include geneticist, plastic surgeon, otolaryngologist, oral surgeon, orthodontist, dentist, speech therapist, audiologist, psychology expert and sociology expert.
This team will evaluate the child's developmental progression, examine the child's ability to hear and speak, also, examine their nutrition, teeth, and mood. Then, they will share the parents the information they collected. In addition, during the treatment for children, specialists will support children if they have any difficulty in eating, talking or social issues ... Parents will be given the best advice during the development and treatment of children.
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